As soon as the inheritance takes place in Spain, the heirs are often overwhelmed by the bureaucracy and the necessary procedures to be expected here. This is more than plausible, since they have only just lost a loved one and (in most cases) are neither able to speak the language nor do they know the requirements so that the testator's goods can now be transferred to the heirs.
Here in Spain, an official acceptance of the inheritance is required before a Spanish notary public, where a large number of documents from the state of residence of the testator must be presented. There is no quasi automatic transfer of the inheritance as many people in other countries know it. Bank accounts are also not simply closed and transferred to the heirs. Rather, the banks are required to block the testator's accounts as soon as they become aware of the inheritance. I would like to point out that even with powers of attorney, no dispositions can be made of the account(s). The legal institution of a power of attorney beyond death does not exist in Spain.
It is also important that the heirs here in Spain require a Spanish tax number for the transfer of the property in their name. If all the necessary documents are available, the official acceptance of inheritance prepared with the notary can be signed. Then the taxes still have to be paid and the transfer can be applied for at the authorities.
Spain and most other countries have no double taxation agreement with regard to inheritance tax. Spain will always take the standpoint that the inheritance taxes for the property valid here is also paid here in Spain. This of course according to Spanish regulations and tables, which are very different from the German tables. So, the tax-free amount is also very limited for spouses or children at just under 16,000.00 euros. For the values up to 700,000.00 euros that are part of the estate, however, only 1% tax is due after the reform (currently 2019).
from 1 January 2016 for the kinship groups I + II
after deduction of
tax allowances (EUR)
However, the heir has some influence on the taxes to be paid, as he can declare the value of the inheritance himself. But be careful: If the values are too low, the tax authorities may demand interest on arrears and penalties in addition to back payments.
Whether the municipal land value increment tax (Plusvalia) is then payable to the municipality in the specific case must be assessed on a case-by-case basis